Yakuza Organization And Business

Yakuza images reveal the hierarchy that structures the organization. An obsequious flunky lights a cigarette for a gang leader, who poses with the self-conscious cool of a Hollywood villain; a human pit-bull stands with a bandana tied round his melon-shaped head. Punctuated by gaudy street posters covered in Japanese kanji, the background landscape reveals aged prostitutes, nervous salary men, and the occasional badly beaten victim: in a key image, a major altercation has evidently broken out over a game of Go.
In terms of operating style the yakuza are not back-alley outfits; they function like large corporations. Like any major business enterprise the crime groups maintain offices that prominently display each group’s logo. Members sport lapel pins and carry business cards identifying their positions within the syndicate. Some gangs even publish their own magazines and internal telephone directories. The almost 9-to-5 normalcy of a typical yakuza member’s day contrasts with that of American ethnic crime groups, which often conduct business in out-of-the-way places and at unusual hours. Like their counterparts in the legitimate business world, Japanese crime groups appear to be highly profitable entities. While estimating income is difficult given the largely covert nature of yakuza activities, NPA speculated that in 1989 Japanese organized Crime groups earned at least Y1.3 trillion ($9.6 billion at Y135=$1.00). Of this total, Japanese police estimate that about one-third comes from the sale of drugs (primarily amphetamines), another third derives from gambling, extortion and intervention in civil affairs and the remainder comes from miscellaneous activities. Like the Mafia, the yakuza power structure is a pyramid with a patriarch on top and loyal underlings of various ranks below him. The Mafia hierarchy is relatively simple. The capo (boss) rules the family with the assistance of his under boss and consigliore (counselor). On the next level, captains run crews of soldiers who all have associates (men who have not been officially inducted into the Mafia) to do their bidding.
The yakuza system is similar but more intricate. The guiding principle of the yakuza structure is the oyabun-kobun relationship. Oyabun literally means, Father role; kobun means child role. When a man is accepted into the yakuza, he must accept this relationship. He must promise unquestioning loyalty and obedience to his boss. The oyabun, like any good father, is obliged to provide protection and good counsel to his children. However, as the old Japanese saying states, If your boss says the passing crow is white, then you must agree. As the yakuza put it, a kobun must be willing to be a teppodama (bullet) for his oyabun.
The levels of management within the yakuza structure are much more complex than the Mafia’s. Immediately under the kumicho (supreme boss) are the saiko komon (senior adviser) and the so-honbucho (headquarters chief). The wakagashira (number-two man) is a regional boss responsible for governing many gangs; he is assisted by the fuku-honbucho, who is responsible for several gangs of his own. A lesser regional boss is a shateigashira, and he commonly has a hateigashira-hosa to assist him. A typical yakuza crime family will also have dozens of shatei (younger brothers) and many wakashu (junior leaders). A successful candidate for admission into the Mafia must participate in a ceremony where his trigger finger is pricked and the blood smeared on the picture of a saint, which is then set on fire and must burn in the initiate’s hands as he swears his loyalty to the family.
In the yakuza initiation ceremony, the blood is symbolized by sake (rice wine). The oyabun and the initiate sit face-to-face as their sake is prepared by azukarinin (guarantors). The sake is mixed with salt and fish scales, and then carefully poured into cups. The oyabun’s cup is filled to the brim, befitting his status; the initiate gets much less. They drink a bit, and then exchange cups, and each drinks from the other’s cup. The kobun has then sealed his commitment to the family. From that moment on, even the kobun’s wife and children must take a backseat to his obligations to his yakuza family.
The yakuza is an all men’s society. They do not trust women. The only visible woman in the group is the boss’ wife, called ane-san. Ane-san means “older sister.” All members give her the same respect as the boss because she is his wife. However, she does not get involved in the business. Her position in the group is the boss’ wife, and not a member of a group.
The yakuza do not trust women because they believe that women are e weak. They believe that women cannot fight like men, that women are not born to fight. To a yakuza member, the most important thing is courage. If there is a battle, you must be ready to fight to the death, rather than lose the battle. Yakuza members must be willing to die for their boss. They feel women are born to be mothers and to take care of their husbands. This may sound old-fashioned, but all yakuza members believe that women should stay home and take care of the children and not meddle in men’s business.
Another reason the yakuza do not allow women in their organization is that no one can talk about the group to outsiders. The yakuza do not believe that women are strong enough to keep silent if interrogated by the police or their enemies. If anyone speaks out, that will be the end of the group. For all of these reasons, the yakuza are a man’s society.
The yakuza have their own unique way of apologizing when they make a mistake, or do something wrong. It is called “Yubizume. ” Yubizume is the act of cutting off their little finger and giving it to the person they are apologizing to. In the yakuza society, if an m ember is jailed for any reason, he gains prestige when he is released from police custody
The yakuza mainly make their living through unlawful b businesses, such as gambling, drugs, prostitution and loan-sharking. Most of the money comes from gambling, most often from dice games. Each group has its own gambling room, which is usually behind a bar or restaurant. Food and drinks are served, but the e main purpose is gambling. The group chooses the gamblers. If they do not know them, they cannot gamble. The yakuza do not want the police to know about their business.
The yakuza also make money from prostitution. They hire young girls whose are younger than eighteen years old. There are many ways to make a profit from this business, but the most popular one is the “date club.” Some groups make more than a million dollars a month from this business. The date club is a men’s club. There is a membership fee of at least one thousand dollars to join. Most of the customers are the rich middle-aged men, such as doctors, lawyers, and company presidents. Club members are shown young girls’ pictures to choose from, and a date with the chosen girl is arranged. The men then have to pay a fee of about two hundred dollars for the date, and all expenses. After the date, the customer calls the club and tells them whether they liked the girl, and whether or not they would like another date. To have sex with the girl can cost at least one thousand dollars. The hiring of high school students as prostitutes is against the law. However, some high school students are willing to work as prostitutes as they can earn much more money than from any other part-time job.
Most of the money that the yakuza make is spent on the purchase of weapons. Each group has its own territory. The territory is very important to the yakuza. When they do business, they cannot break into each other group’s territory. If one group tries to break into another’s territory it must be protected, usually through violence.
In Japan, the general public cannot have a weapon without a permit, but the yakuza do not respect the law. Many citizens become victims of the yakuza’s battles. When they are fighting, each group tries to kill the boss of the other group, because a group without a boss is weak and has no power to fight. For all members, the boss is God. Without him, they cannot do anything. Whoever wins the battle takes over the group that lost and their territory.
It is easy to see why the yakuza are so famous in many countries, and feared and hated by many people. The yakuza do not follow the law. They also have illegal businesses, and have had many battles, which have killed innocent citizens. This continues to be one of the biggest social problems in Japan.
If a yakuza member displeases or severely disappoints his boss, the punishment is often yubizume, the amputation of the last joint of the little finger. A second offense will require the severing of the second joint of that finger, and additional offenses might require moving on to the next finger. A man knows that he must commit yubizume when his immediate superior gives him a knife and a string to staunch the bleeding. Words are not necessary. The origin of this practice dates back to the days of the samurai. Removing part of the smallest finger weakens the hand for holding the sword. When a katana (the samurai long sword) is gripped properly, the pinkie is the strongest finger. The ring finger is the second strongest, middle finger third strongest, and the index finger does almost nothing. With a damaged hand, the swordsman became more dependent on his master for protection. Today this ritual maiming is entirely symbolic, but it serves to make a point with delinquent kobun, and it shows that the yakuza, like their Mafia counterparts, abide by the old saying: Keep your friends close and your enemies closer.
Like the Mafia, the yakuza in recent years have been forced to lower their standards when recruiting new members, and as a result some feel that they are neither as organized nor as powerful as they once were. In the past, choice recruits came from the traditional bakuto (gambler) and tekiya (peddler) classes, but today a rebel spirit and a willingness to commit crime for an oyabun is all that is necessary to join the yakuza ranks. Most new members currently come from the bosozuku (speed tribes), street punks known for their love of motorcycles.
This lowering of standards has led to the Japanese National Police Agency adopting the term boryokudan ({the violent ones}) for the yakuza, lumping them in with other criminal groups. The yakuza, which treasure their ancestral ties to the old samurai, reject the term and consider it an insult.
The origin of the yakuza is a matter of some debate. Some feel that its members are descendents of the 17th-century kabuki-mono (crazy ones), outlandish samurai who reveled in outlandish clothing and hairstyles, spoke in elaborate slang, and carried unusually long swords in their belts. The kabuki-mono was also known as hatamoto-yakko (servants of the shogun). During the Tokugawa era, an extended period of peace in Japan, the services of these samurai were no longer needed, and so they became leaderless ronin (wave man). Without the guidance of a strong hand, they eventually shifted their focus from community service to theft and mayhem.
Modern yakuza members refute this theory and instead proclaim they to be the descendents of the machi-yokko (servants of the town) who protected their villages from the wayward hatamoto-yakko. The official yakuza history portrays the group’s ancestors as underdog folk heroes who stood up for the poor and the defenseless, just as Robin Hood helped the peasants of medieval England.
Current yakuza members fall under three general categories: tekiya (street peddlers), bakuto (gamblers), and gurentai (hoodlums). The peddlers and gamblers trace their roots back to the 18th century while the hoodlums came into existence after World War II when the demand for black market goods created a booming industry. Traditionally the tekiya, medieval Japan’s version of snake-oil salesmen, worked the fairs and markets while the bakuto worked the towns and highways. The gurentai, by contrast, modeled themselves on American gangsters of the Al Capone era, using threats and extortion to achieve their ends. After World War II, in the governmental power void caused by the Occupation, the gurentai prospered, and their ranks swelled. They also brought organized crime in Japan to a new level of violence, replacing the traditional sword with modern firearms, even though guns were now officially outlawed in the country as a result of the surrender.
Yakuza also satisfy the desire of would-be gun owners in Japan, where guns of all kinds are prohibited. Yakuza members themselves are the prime market for firearms, and they favor the sleekest automatic handguns from Europe and America, often trading drugs for weapons. The yakuza specialize in the production and sales of met amphetamine (given the frenetic pace and competitive atmosphere of Japanese society, speed is the national drug of choice) and the yakuza frequently use it to barter with Western arms suppliers.
The yakuza also make millions of dollars a year through corporate extortion, and the sokaiya (shareholders’ meeting men) are the masters of this enterprise. Sokaiya will buy a small number of shares in a company so that they can attend shareholders’ meetings. In preparation for the meeting, the sokaiya gather damaging information about the company and its officers; secret mistresses, tax evasion, unsafe factory conditions, and pollution are all fodder for the sokaiya. They will then contact the company’s management and threaten to disclose whatever embarrassing information they have at the shareholders’ meeting unless they are compensated. If management does not give in to their demands, the sokaiya go to the shareholders’ meeting and raise hell, shouting down anyone who dares to speak, making a boisterous display of their presence, and shouting out their damaging revelations. In Japan, where people fear embarrassment and shame much more than physical threats, executives usually give the sokaiya whatever they want.
Organized crime groups in Japan — known loosely as the yakuza — in recent years have proven to be far more than gangs of thugs that oversee extortion, gambling, prostitution and other “traditional” gangster activities. Developments during the past year have revealed that the yakuza, having bought up real estate and stocks in the late 1980s, are playing a bigger hand in the Japanese economy. While organized crime groups for much of the postwar period have enjoyed an unusual degree of tolerance by the Japanese public as well as the police, recent scandals involving billions of yen linked to yakuza-related firms or individuals have sounded alarms in Tokyo. There is increasing concern in some business and government quarters that the Japanese underworld is developing the sort of financial muscle that could threaten the economic order.
The exotic appearance of yakuza members and their peculiar samurai-type rituals (the top of a gang member’s smallest digit is severed and presented to his leader as atonement for a grievous error) certainly distinguish the Japanese mob from underworld syndicates based in the United States and Europe. The yakuza in recent years have diversified their portfolio of illegal activities to include loan sharking, company racketeering and extortion-type intervention in civil disputes and real estate transactions.
Possibly buying into the yakuza’s Robin Hood image, ordinary Japanese citizens at times turn not to lawyers and the courts but to mobsters to help them resolve civil disputes that would be extremely difficult, time-consuming and expensive to pursue through the Japanese legal system. These disputes primarily concern private and commercial debts and personal injuries, although organized crime experts also believe that the mob is involved in the settlement of most automobile accident cases. While the yakuza in these instances may be regarded as filling a need created by the dearth of lawyers in Japan, gangsters — being outside the law — also have been known to initiate traffic accidents as one means of extorting money from people.
The yakuza’s motives rarely are above reproach. One could argue that gangsters, in fact, have learned how to exploit effectively the Japanese tendency to utilize personal relations, rather than legal measures, to resolve disputes.
This is not to suggest that Japanese police completely look the other way when it comes to the mob. Over the years Japanese law enforcement officials, who have been admired the world over for their high standard of discipline, have staged numerous raids on various yakuza offices. These assaults have tended, however, to be more a show of police muscle than a genuine attempt to shut down gangster operations.
One of the main reasons that the yakuza can operate “aboveground” is because the groups are not illegal. There are no statutes in Japan comparable to this country’s Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act of 1970. RICO authorizes U.S. law enforcement officials to investigate and to ultimately arrest any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other legal entity as well as any union or group of individuals “associated in fact” for engaging in a pattern of criminal activities in furtherance of racketeering. Organized crime experts also note that weaknesses in Japan’s criminal law also have made it difficult to prosecute the perpetrators of bribery, extortion, money laundering or other yakuza lines of business.
Public Acceptance – Until recently there has been an unusually high degree of tolerance by the Japanese public for the yakuza. As long as mobsters did not prove too disruptive, the police, in particular, stayed out of their way. Some analysts attribute this acceptance to the yakuza’s skill at public relations and the fact that the public has come to rely on gangsters to satisfy certain economic, political, legal or societal needs that the government cannot, or will not, address.

Baccarat Top Online Gambling Card Games

Online casinos offer you a mind-boggling variety of online gambling options. One of the leading online casino games is baccarat. Baccarat owes its origins to Europe and is quickly becoming one of the most popular online casino games on the circuit. The main reason behind the popularity of baccarat is that it is easy to learn and fun to play. Add to it the high payouts that you can win and you have a heady cocktail in your hands.

Online baccarat is played with six decks. There are two hands dealt. One is for the player and the other for the banker. The dealing of cards will be two cards each to the player and banker. The aim of online baccarat is to guess which hand among the two will have a higher score. The important rule to be kept in mind in connection to this is that the highest score in online baccarat cannot exceed 9 or be negative.

While playing online baccarat, you can bet either on the player, the dealer, on a Tie or a combination of all of the above. The last option enables you to minimize your losses when you cannot get a clear picture of which way the game is proceeding. When you think that neither the player nor the dealer can reach the figure of 9, you bet on Tie. The player gets to draw first and there is a reshuffling of cards after dealing out each hand. The player gets to draw a third card if the players total is between 0 and 5 and the bankers total is between 0 and 7. That is not the case if the bankers total exceeds 7 or the players total goes above 5. Now the banker gets to draw the card. If the bankers total is already between 7 and 9, then they cannot draw another card. But if the total of the first two cards happen to be 0, 1 or 2, he can draw another card.

Now for the rules that determine whether you win or not. In online baccarat, you win if you can guess which hand, the players or the bankers, will have the higher score. If you think both of them will have the same total, you can bet on a Tie. For example, if you bet either on the player or the banker with $5, and you guess correctly, you win your money back along with an additional $4.75. 5% is subtracted from your winning sum. If your bet has been on a Tie, in which the odds are a lot higher and hence the risk, if you win, you get back your $5, along with nine times the value of your bet, which in this case will be $45.

But your guess can go off the track as well. In online baccarat, you lose if you bet on the player and the bankers hand has the higher score. If the player and the banker have unequal hands in terms of score and you have bet on a Tie, you stand to lose as well. The wager is a push if you have bet on the player or the banker and they have equal scores, that is, a Tie. To place your bets, click on which option you want to bet on: player, banker or Tie. Then you click on the betting chips on the lower right hand corner of your screen. They get added to your betting amount. If you want to reduce the betting amount that you have already selected, click on the chip and the return to the lower right hand corner.

Playing Baccarat is easy and convenient. Jump on this fun yet exciting ride and take back the thrills and win real pots of money!

Learn to Play Chess with Online Chess Coach

The game of chess is full of tactics and strategies and it is an ultimate test of intelligence. It increases the mental strength of a person on a regular basis. The game of chess has come a long way with various chess software programs and computer games challenging all levels of chess players.

For beating any opponent, be it a chess program or a human, one needs to learn the game properly and thoroughly. Learning chess with online chess coaches or tutors can help you in developing analogical skills and thus will make you a smarter player in a variety of ways. The expertise in the game cannot be obtained without practicing and training and an online chess coach can guide you in the correct direction. Online chess coaches teach the game in a proper step by step method with a scheduled program. Learning chess in such a manner enables you to acquire the chess skills and techniques in an easy and effective manner. One can choose the best online chess coach available by taking a detailed look at the chess learning program offered by that coach. This is beneficial to many chess players as well, since most of the chess players are always trying to improve their game by solving strategic puzzles, studying hypothesis on chess, etc.

An online chess coach can teach you about how to pay attention to your moves and how to concentrate on the game, from the opening to the end. You have to learn to possess all the necessary skills to develop a defensive and attacking chess strategy. A chess master will always explain you the value of a good opening in a game. This will help you to create strategies and in turn to concentrate on probable moves to beat the opponent. Chess masters can also help you in developing thinking skills, strategies and can help you with learning chess.

There are various online chess portals which enable aspirant chess players to register themselves. From them you can learn to play chess with online chess games. One can learn various new aspects of chess. These online tutors make full use of their experience to educate the new chess players about various game strategies. They also keep them updated with the latest activities in the chess world. An online chess lesson is an effective tool for teaching students to utilize their higher order thinking skills. This can also lead them to get rid of their personal problems. It enhances their mental ability and helps them to reach their full potential. It is easy to download chess lessons to get a better practice of the game.

About The Author:
Alex Rabinovich is an international Chess Master and a Software and Management Engineer. He has been a World Champion for High Schools in 1996 and has also got a 3rd place in Europe under 18 in 1996. He was a coach of Junior Israeli Olympic team.

For more information – http://www.ichessu.com/

Gambling Facts Before You Shell Out A Dime

A pair of dice has several nicknames. They can be called Boxcars, Snake Eyes, Mississippi Marbles, or Memphis Dominoes.

75. The fastest growing industry in the world in Indian gaming, which is a $27 billion per year industry in just the United States.

76. The name Blackjack was derived from a variation of the original game rules, in which a player who had the black Jack of Spades received a payout.

77. The worst roulette bet, and why? Its known as the 5 number bet, 0, 00, 1, 2, 3, and once made, the house edge jumps from 5.26% to 7.89%.

78. The game of Baccarat gets its name from the worst hand possible, zero.

79. The original name of Blackjack was Ving-et-un, which translates into the word blackjack.

80. The largest win at an online casino was $1, 683,524.64.

81. A sailor had 27 wins in a row playing Craps at a Las Vegas casino back in the 1950s. The odds of this happening are 12,467,890 to 1!

82. The game of Bingo originated in Italy during the year 1530.

83. In Australia and New Zealand, the term “Housie” is used for Bingo.

Gambling Trivia You Never Would Have Guessed

84. In the entire time the game of Keno has been played, a prize of $500,000 has been won four times, two times by the same player.

85. Roulette is the oldest of all casino games.

86. Keno was used in ancient China to raise money that was used to build the Great Wall of China.

87. Keno came to the United States in the 19th century.

88. It is possible to come up with 1,474, 200 different Bingo cards.

89. Playing cards as we know them today first appeared in Europe sometime during the 1300s.

90. Modern Bingo was devised from a game known as Beano. When a player mistakenly called out “Bingo” instead of “Beano”, the name caught on everywhere.

91. A little more than 70% of the high rollers in Vegas who enjoy playing Baccarat are Asian bankers and Asian industrialists.

92. Keno goes back to the Han Dynasty in Chinese history between 205 and 187 B.C.

93. In South America and Europe, the game of Baccarat goes by the name of Punto Banco. Punto Banco is usually a high roller game.

94. The age of the youngest person to win the World Series of Poker main event was a tender 24.

95. It is possible to make 2,598,960 poker hands from a standard 52-card deck.

96. The odds of being dealt the hand known as a pocket pair in Poker are 16 to 1.

97. There are only 4 possible Royal Flush hands in a standard 52-card deck.

98. The odds of getting a Royal Flush hand are 649,740 to 1.

99. More than 70 million decks of standard playing cards are sold each and every year.

100. That sandwich you ate yesterday got its name from a poker player. The Earl of Sandwich loved poker so much he was loathe to leave the game table, even to eat. So, he would have someone bring him bread and some meat, and the sandwich was born!

101. The nickname for a pair of 8s in the game of poker is Pocket Snowmen.

Discover The Spectacular Las Vegas Sites That Do Not Involve Gambling

While Las Vegas is widely known for its casinos and shows, there is an entirely new world to discover on The Strip. There is exciting and fun activities to try all throughout The Las Vegas Strip that does not involve and gambling.

Casinos do not only offer the gambler a place to hang out, they also have other things to offer, such as world class golf courses and driving ranges. There is a rock climbing wall and many parks and baseball diamonds, as well as Frisbee golf courses. There are even indoor miniature golf courses and indoor batting cages for the person that does not want to be in the sun.

Listed below are other things to do on The Las Vegas Strip

– Visit the Volcano at the Mirage and experience the excitement of the fire and light show when it erupts in the evening.

– The Bellagio has a spectacular fountain show that will lighten up your night. The fountain show consists of the fountains coming to life to the concert of opera, classical, and Broadway tunes.

– Also, take a ride on a gondola right into the world of Venice. Amazing how you walk off the bright lights and business of the Las Vegas Strip right into the romantic world of Venice. You will take a ride around the canals of the Venetian. While the buildings are not actually hundreds of years old, you will feel as if you are right there in Venice.

– The breathtaking artwork at the Grand Canal Shoppes is a sight you will not want to miss. It is spectacular view of beautiful colors and detail. The Bellagio hotel has the biggest artistic masterpieces. The ceiling of the hotel lobby has a piece by Dale Chihuly called the Fiori di Como. It was made of 2,000 colorful hand-blown glass flowers. Also in the Bellagio is the Picasso restaurant that features Picasso artwork all around.

– The tranquility of the Bellagio Conservation and Botanical Gardens will surprise you, especially coming off of the hustle and bustle of The Las Vegas Strip. It has a different look for each season. The spring season is beautiful and includes amazing butterflies.

– One of the most romantic spots in all of Las Vegas is the Eiffel Tower that rises 460 feet above the heart of The Strip. This replica of the Eiffel Tower at Paris Las Vegas is a “half-scale” exact replica of Europe’s most famous landmarks. Take a ride to the top to experience the amazing view of The Strip.

The Strip is full of things to experience outside of the gambling. These are only just a few things to do while on your visit to Las Vegas. While walking is common in Las Vegas, there are different forms of transportation to take you around, such as the trolleys and the CAT bus. Take a break from the gambling and visit the many sights on The Strip. Have a great time in all the different places to go on the Las Vegas Strip.