Assuming Blood Is From Hemorrhoids And It Is Actually From Colon Cancer Might Make Physician Liable For Medical Malpractice

Being told one has colon cancer tends to bring up dread in nearly all of people. It can therefore feel quite reassuring for your doctor say that you just have hemorrhoids and there is no need to be concerned about the blood in your stool. But this reassurance should only come after the doctor has eliminated the likelihood of colon cancer (and other possibly dangerous gastrointestinal issues). Otherwise, you might not learn that you have colon cancer until it is too late. Should a doctor conclude without testing assumes that reports of blood in the stool or rectal bleeding by a patient are from hemorrhoids and it subsequently is discovered that the patient had colon cancer all along, that doctor might not have met the standard of care. Under those circimstances, the patient might have a legal claim against that physician.

It is generally thought that there are presently over 10 million men and women with hemorrhoids. An additional 1,000,000 new cases of hemorrhoids will likely arise this year as opposed to a little more than the 100 thousand new cases of colon cancer that will be identified . Further, not all colon cancers bleed. When they do, the bleeding may be intermittent. Also subject to where the cancer is in the colon, the blood might not actually be seen in the stool. Possibly it is in part as a result of the difference in the volume of instances being identified that a number of physicians simply consider that the existence of blood in the stool or rectal bleeding is due to hemorrhoids. This amounts to gambling, pure and simple. A physician who reaches this conclusion will be right greater than 90% of the time. It seems sensible, doesnt it? The problem, though, is that if the physician is wrong in this diagnosis, the patient might not learn he or she has colon cancer until it has developed to an advanced stage, maybe even to where treatment is no longer effective.

When colon cancer is found while still contained within the colon, the patients 5 year survival rate will normally be above eighty percent. The five year survival rate is a statistical indicator of the percentage of patients who survive the disease for a minimum of five years subsequent to diagnosis. Treatment for early stage colon cancer normally entails only surgery in order to take out the tumor and surrounding portions of the colon. Based on variables like how advanced the cancer is and the individual’s medical history (including family medical history), age, and the person’s physical condition, chemotherapy may or may not be required.

For this reason doctors generally recommend that a colonoscopy ought to be ordered right away if a patient has blood in the stool or rectal bleeding. A colonoscopy is a method that uses a flexible tube with a camera on the end is used to see the interior of the colon. If growths (polyps or tumors) are detected, they can be removed (if small enough) or sampled and tested for the existence of cancer (by biopsy). Providing no cancer is found from the colonoscopy can colon cancer be ruled out as a cause of the blood.

However, if the cancer is diagnosed after it has spread past the colon and has reached the lymph nodes, the person’s five year survival rate will generally be around 53%. Aside from surgery to take out the tumor and adjacent portions of the colon treatment for this stage of colon cancer requires chemotherapy in an attempt to eliminate any cancer that might remain in the body. By the time the cancer spreads to other organs such as the liver, lungs, or brain, the patients five year survival rate is lowered to roughly 8%. If treatment options exist for a patient at this point, they might include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other medications. Treatment might no longer be helpful once the cancer is this advanced. When treatment ceases to be helpful, colon cancer is fatal. This year, roughly 48,000 individuals will die in the U.S. from colon cancer metastasis.

As a result of telling the patient that blood in the stool or rectal bleeding as resulting from hemorrhoids without conducting the correct tests to eliminate the possibility of colon cancer, a doctor places the patient at risk of not learning he or she has colon cancer until it progresses to an advanced, possibly no longer treatable, stage. This may amount to a departure from the accepted standard of medical care and might result in a medical malpractice case.

If you or a a member of your family were assured by a physician that blood in the stool or rectal bleeding were because of only hemorrhoids, and were later diagnosed with advanced colon cancer, you ought to contact an attorney at once. This article is for informational usage only and does not constitute legal (or medical) advice. If you have any medical issues you should seek advice from doctor. You should not act, or refrain from acting, based upon any information in this article but ought to instead consult with an attorney. A competent attorney who is experienced in medical malpractice may be able to help you determine if you have a claim for a delay in the diagnosis of the colon cancer. Immediately contact an attorney are there is a time limit in lawsuits such as these.

Chess Myths And Misconceptions

People, particularly chess players themselves, utter the stupidest things about chess and about chess players. Here are a number of of our favorite misconceptions about the royal game. Some of these sayings are unquestionably off-target, some of them are uninformed opinion, and some of them are arguments that may or may not be valid.

1) Chess is hard to learn.

Chess may not be the easiest game to pick up, but it is far from the most prohibitive. You have to know the movements of the six pieces, where the piece with the least value, the Pawn, has the most complex moves. Then you have to learn the rules about attacking and defending the King, including castling. Then there are a few about games where not one nor the other player wins. One side of this myth is legitimate it is difficult, very difficult, to learn to play chess splendidly. One player in a hundred achieves supremacy.

2) You have to be smart to play chess.

There is some relationship between chess ability and general intelligence. Minimum smarts are required. Cats and dogs will never learn the basics; no one has tried teaching dolphins and chimpanzees. Chess does involve, after all, using numerous sophisticated sections of the mind as efficiently as possible. People from all walks of life have fun playing chess, many attaining mastery. Some very smart people enjoy playing but never go beyond beginner.

3) Chess is for nerds.

In fact, this isn’t a myth, since chess is for everybody. It is for dweebs, oddballs, eggheads, and boffins, as usually as it is for anyone else. People who need to call other people unpleasant names should better say, ‘chess is only for nerds’, but this is decidedly false. Even if it was on target, so what? Smart, clumsy, offbeat people have made more contributions to the advancement of humanity than have the rest. If they want to play chess, that’s their concern

4) Computers play chess better than people.

In 2006, the best computers play chess better than 99.99% of people, but are evenly matched in games against the best humans. If, as some experts think, computers are attaining 20 – 30 rating points per year, the time will soon come when humans have no chance against the best machines. It should not be overlooked that computers are always trained by squads of human specialists who encode programs in them in psychological areas like opening repertoire. Getting rid of this help would eliminate their excellence.

5) Chess is a sport.

Here we run the risk of upsetting the many outstanding chess organizers who have exhausted years trying to prevail upon the International Olympic Committee (IOC) that chess should be included as an Olympic sport. Hoisting light pieces of lumber or clicking rapidly on a computer monitor is not physically demanding activity. As any number of photos from recent high level chess events will show, chess players don’t always portray a lean, shipshape, muscular profile.

6) Chess isn’t a sport.

Here we attempt to make reparation with those very same organizers who almost convinced the IOC that chess is a sport. Chess has been admitted as a medal sport for the 2006 Asian Games. A competition between two extraordinary chess professionals is replete with tension, where good nerves can make the difference between a victor and a loser. Grandmasters have been known to lose a lot of weight during the course of a month-long match.

7) Women can’t play chess as well as men.

To date it is true that women have not performed as well as men in chess events. There are numerous conceivable reasons for this. One may be that male players are often expert at making female players feel ill at ease at chess events. The Polgar sisters have gone a long way to persuade the chess world that women can play very well. Perhaps one day we will discover that women can even play better than men. No one really knows.

Learn to Play Chess with Online Chess Coach

The game of chess is full of tactics and strategies and it is an ultimate test of intelligence. It increases the mental strength of a person on a regular basis. The game of chess has come a long way with various chess software programs and computer games challenging all levels of chess players.

For beating any opponent, be it a chess program or a human, one needs to learn the game properly and thoroughly. Learning chess with online chess coaches or tutors can help you in developing analogical skills and thus will make you a smarter player in a variety of ways. The expertise in the game cannot be obtained without practicing and training and an online chess coach can guide you in the correct direction. Online chess coaches teach the game in a proper step by step method with a scheduled program. Learning chess in such a manner enables you to acquire the chess skills and techniques in an easy and effective manner. One can choose the best online chess coach available by taking a detailed look at the chess learning program offered by that coach. This is beneficial to many chess players as well, since most of the chess players are always trying to improve their game by solving strategic puzzles, studying hypothesis on chess, etc.

An online chess coach can teach you about how to pay attention to your moves and how to concentrate on the game, from the opening to the end. You have to learn to possess all the necessary skills to develop a defensive and attacking chess strategy. A chess master will always explain you the value of a good opening in a game. This will help you to create strategies and in turn to concentrate on probable moves to beat the opponent. Chess masters can also help you in developing thinking skills, strategies and can help you with learning chess.

There are various online chess portals which enable aspirant chess players to register themselves. From them you can learn to play chess with online chess games. One can learn various new aspects of chess. These online tutors make full use of their experience to educate the new chess players about various game strategies. They also keep them updated with the latest activities in the chess world. An online chess lesson is an effective tool for teaching students to utilize their higher order thinking skills. This can also lead them to get rid of their personal problems. It enhances their mental ability and helps them to reach their full potential. It is easy to download chess lessons to get a better practice of the game.

About The Author:
Alex Rabinovich is an international Chess Master and a Software and Management Engineer. He has been a World Champion for High Schools in 1996 and has also got a 3rd place in Europe under 18 in 1996. He was a coach of Junior Israeli Olympic team.

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Getting Fancy Special Chess Moves

In addition to the basic rules each chess piece has, there are also special moves that can factor into game development and outcome. Though they may seem complicated at first, once a player becomes more familiar with overall play, when to use these special moves will become clearer as well.

Indeed, by simply looking at a chess board and its current state, an experienced player should be able to determine whether or not a special move is needed or not. Held in reserve, these special moves are only used when the game demands it. However, at some point in a match, one (or more) is likely to be called upon.

And just what are these moves found within a chess set? In short, theyre: castling, en passant, and pawn promotion.

During the course of play, it may become necessary for a king to move quickly. Since the piece can only move one square at a time though, this is easier said than done. Thankfully, theres castling, wherein the king can receive shelter by working with a rook.

Basically, castling permits the king to move two squares on the chess board, to either the right or left. The rook (still in its corner) in which the king moves toward is then permitted to slide around the king, to its other side. Visually, the rook protects the king on the weak side, pushing the king to safety behind a wall.

There are a few conditions: 1) the rook and king cannot have moved yet on the board and then returned to their respective positions. If one of the participating chess pieces moves, castling is disallowed; and 2) the path between the king and rook must be cleared. The special move is the only one in which two pieces can move, but only two pieces can move. No other piece can be involved.

En Passant
Referred to by some as the soul of chess, pawns are far more important than their lowly status within a chess set might suggest. In fact, these puny (yet powerful) pawns have two special moves all to themselves, both of which can factor greatly into defense, strategy, and board-space control.

The first of these special moves is en passant, which is a capture move available to a pawn only on its fifth rank. As a general rule, pawns may move one or two squares forward upon first move. Afterwards, only one. If a pawn tries to avoid capture by an opposing pawn by moving two squares forward (instead of one), then the rival pawn has the option to use en passant on the very next move: meaning, it can move diagonally one square and take the defending pawn anyway, as if the pawn had only moved one square to start.

This move can be used multiple times during a game, but only from the fifth rank and it must be made immediately after one pawn attempts to avoid capture. If the opposing player moves another chess piece, en passant (for this particular pawn) is no longer in play.

Pawn Promotion
And finally, pawns are the only pieces of a chess set up for a promotion. If a pawn manages to move to the eight rank, then it can be promoted to any other piece. Often exchanged for a queen, this transformative power can turn the chess boards weakest piece into its most powerful. The only piece the pawn cannot be promoted to is king.

Software Programming As well as Computer Chess

The beginning of generation codes used to program computers, was called machine language or machine code, it is the only language a computer really understands. It is a sequence of 0s and 1s that the computer’s controllers electrically interpret as instructions. The second generation of codes was called assembly language. assembly language turns the foreign language of 0s and 1s into human words like ‘add’. Assembly language is always translated back into machine code by computer programs called assemblers.

The third generation of code, was called high level language or HLL, which has human sounding words as well as words put into sentences. In order for the computer to understand any HLL, a compiler interprets the high level language into either assembly language or machine code. All software programming languages need to be eventually translated into machine code for a computer to use the instructions they contain.

As the user you do not see the code used to create computer software programs. However, you do use the results and the end products of software programming which are soft programs that are easy to use by the consumer. Below is an article discussing the history of software programming of Computer Chess and the lives of the software programmer behind one of your favorite software programs.

Dr. Dietrich Prinz wrote the original computer chess program for a universal functioning computer. The program was released in November 1951. Previously, special purpose machines which were designed only for playing chess had been invented, but Prinz decided to invent a program that could be played on any general computer. Since computers of the 1950’s had very little memory power compared to today’s computers, his program could only examine every possible move until a solution was found which took an average of fifteen minutes (a move that can be accomplished by a modern computer in a fraction of a second!) However, for its time this was considered a miracle.

Dr. Dietrich G. Prinz was born on 29 March, 1903. He was educated at Berlin University, where his teachers included genius’s Planck and Einstein and graduated with a Ph.D. in Philosophy. He left for England in 1935 where he began working at Ferranti Ltd., a major computer business. He soon became the companies head programmer and in 1957, after his original chess program, a full-fledged chess program introduced by Bernstein for an IMB. In 1983, a chess program called Belle was designed by AT&T and became the first to reach the U.S.A. Since, Chess programs have become widely popular to a large group of people, including mater chess players as well as novices.

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